An erection involves the brain, nerves, hormones, muscles, and circulatory system. These systems work together to fill the erectile tissue in the penis with blood. A man with erectile dysfunction (ED) has trouble getting or maintaining an erection for sexual intercourse. Some men with ED are completely unable to get an erection. Others have trouble maintaining an erection for more than a short time.

There are many possible causes of ED, and many of them are treatable. Read on to learn more about ED’s causes and how it’s treated.

How prevalent is ED?

ED is more prevalent among older men, but it also affects younger men in large numbers. The University of Wisconsin reports an approximate correlation between the percentage of men affected by mild and moderate ED and their decade in life. For example, approximately 50 percent of men in their 50s and 60 percent of men in their 60s have mild ED.

ED in young men

A study in the July 2013 Journal of Sexual Medicine suggests that ED is more common among younger men than previously thought. Researchers found that ED affected 26 percent of adult men under 40. Almost half of these young men suffered from severe ED.

Common Causes of ED

  • Atherosclerosis – hardening of the arteries
  • Venous Leakage – Weak veins
  • Nerve diseases
  • Hormonal insufficiencies
  • Peyronie’s disease – scar tissue in the penis
  • Psychological conditions – stress, depressions, or performance anxiety
  • Injury to the penis
  • Medications

Considering Treatment for ED

If you fail to achieve an erection less than 20% of the time, that is not unusual. It can be due to environmental factors, such as overindulgence in alcohol or extreme fatigue. Although, failure to achieve an erection more than 50% of the time generally indicates a condition requiring some form of treatment. Seek help for ED right away, as it can lead to depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.


Erectile Dysfunction







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